tv BBC World News America PBS August 5, 2013 4:00pm-4:31pm PDT
solutions in a wide range of industries. hat can we do for you? >> and now, bbc world news, america. >> this is bbc world news america reporting from washington. 19 of america's diplomatic posts will remain closed until the end of the week in response to a terror threat from al qaeda. >> we take the threat very seriously and have taken action because of that. >> protests in turkey after more than 200 are found guilty of trying to overthrow the government including the country's former army chief. and would you eat a hamburger made in the lab? . a breakthrough to everyone's astes.
>> welcome to our views on public television in america and also around the globe. after shattering 21 diplomatic posts across the islamic world this weekend due to increased chatter about a possible al qaeda attack the united states has decided to keep 19 of them closed until the end of the week. only the embassies in iraq and afghanistan will reopen. today white house spokesman jay carney said the obama administration decided to take the steps out of an abundance of caution. >> we take the threat very seriously and have taken action because of that. i'm not in a position to discuss specific intelligence but we believe that this threat is significant. the threat is emanating from and may be directed towards the arabe ban peninsula but it is
beyond that potentially and that is why we have taken some of the actions we have taken. >> for more on the alert in place and the threat behind them, i spoke a brief time ago with the senior policy adviser for national security at the thirdway. inside the campaign that killed bin laden and devastated al qaeda. we're hearing reports that it was the head of al qaeda in pakistan who told the head of al qaeda in yemen to carry out this attack. what do you make of that? >> any time the head of al qaeda in pakistan talks to yemen, it's going to be front-page news. and the fact that these two men are talking to each other suggests that the threat is very, very real. >> but is this a feasible chain of command? would they be talking directly to one another in some way? >> no. they can't pick up the phone or e-mail each ovek other
specifically but they can send through a network of couriers who use both electronic communications and also paper machines to actually talk to each other and to get things back and forth. >> can you explain to us as someone who has been in this field of counter terrorism how it is that chatter is threatening enough to be significant but it is not specific enough to know where the threat is? >> well, there's lots of chatter throughout the world of terrorism. any time you have signals intelligence, you can use that to develop leads and to thwart threats. however, any time two major leaders actually talk to each other or try to communicate with each other, this is a very, very large threat indeed. >> how did the u.s. know this is happening? >> there are all kinds of ways that we intercept electronic communications. and far be it for me to reveal this information. >> but what signal do you think the closing of the embassies sends to al qaeda? why can't they wait until they reopen? >> that's a very interesting
question. this was a time specific attack, not a place specific attack. so we didn't have all the information to say that they're going to attack x or y facility. it also shows al qaeda that we are actually listening in on them, we know what they're up to, and perhaps able to thwart them. >> one u.s. lawmaker has said that al qaeda are now on steroids. there has been all these jail breaks in iraq and pakistan. what's your assessment of the al qaeda threat right now? >> the al qaeda threat has become much more diffuse. so pakistan has become much more of a whisper, a ghost of what thigh used to be, however their franchises, whether yemen, iraq, and other places, have really taken up the mantle of global jihad. >> you said in your book is part of the title is al qaeda devastated. do you stand by that? >> al qaeda core is devastated but we've moved on to al qaeda 2.0 where the franchises have
really taken the jihad to the next level. >> thank you very much indeed for joining us. >> thank you. >> in turkey today, a landmark trial ended with scores of people being convicted of plotting to overthrow the government, the prime minister. soon after it came to power in 2002. among the 275 people convicted was the former army chief who received a life sentence. the trial has once again exposed tensions between turkey's secular tradition and the growth of political islam. >> outside the high criminal court, the protests began before the verdicts were even delivered. the police blocked demonstrators from making it to the court. we are the soldiers, the founder of turkey's secular states, the protesters chanted.
they accused the government -- ich is rooted in islam -- of inventing conspiracy to silence the opposition. they attacked the life sentences given to former army commanders. >> does the ministry army of the republic of turkey, if you're trying someone who has that he leader of forces, means you're trying the army of the republic of turkey. this nation won't accept it. >> the prime minister once sat next to the man accused of leading the conspiracy against him. the court has found him guilty of plotting against the prime minister. the general has said that the charges against him are tragic comic. for decades, the military was the final arbiter in turkish litics between 1960, and
1997, the armed forces were moved within governments. but he has now asserted civilian supremacy over the military. the sentences handed out at the court are a sign of the changing nature of the turkish state. the military has lost its overwhelming power. its defenders of the supporters of secularism struggle to form a movement capable of hallenging the government. >> in other news, pro morsi protests have been going on in egypt. today john mccain and lindsey graham arrived in cairo, to political efforts to end the crisis. the leading leader of the muslim brotherhood has said they back nonviolence and want to reach a peaceful solution.
torrential monsoons across eastern affsing and pakistan have killed at least a hundred people and destroyed hundreds of homes. in pakistan the army is helping to drain flood water. forecasters are warning of more thunderstorms and heavy rain over the next few days. spanish police have rearrested a farmer who was released in morocco under a royal pardon. it came after hundreds of angry moroccans staged protests against his release. he was given a 30-year prison term for raping 11 children. the king said he would never have allowed the release if he had known the full facts. japanese nuclear regulators say the power plant is facing a new emergency. radioactive water is building up and if a solution can't be found in the next three weeks it will spill into the pacific ocean. the plant was dadgetsd during
an earthquake and tsunami in 2011. now, to major league baseball where today new york yangee star alex rodriguez was suspended through the 2014 season, which works out to 211 games. he is one of 13 players suspended for links to a clinic accused of distributing banned performance enhancing drugs. but a-rod is allowed to keep playing through the appeals process. joining me now from new york, the sports writer for the associated press. the ap has made the running on the reporting of this story. what's your assessment of how damaged baseball is by the doping scandal? >> i think it looks at it two ways. yes, it's another damaging scandal following the accusations a man, stars such as a-rod. on the other hand, people have been expecting this for so long
they kind of factored it in. >> other than a-rod, are there other huge names in the world of baseball on the list of those suspended? >> there are three other players who were all-stars last month by the name of johnny perlta and nelson cruz and e earth cabrarea but no one of he stature of rodriguez. makes $28 million this year has a $275 million contract and is among the most high-profile athletes in the u.s. >> and indeed, a-rod is expected to play tonight in chicago. how come, when he's been suspended for 211 games? >> because under the labor contract and drug agreements they have in the u.s., if it's your first drug offense, you don't start serving it until after you have appealed and only if an ash traitor upholds the penalty. >> does it show that the baseball authorities are finally fed up of doping?
>> they're getting stronger and stronger. and what we've seen is a big turnaround in the culture of players in the lockerrooms as they put on their kits each day they say that they don't want to be tainted with the cheaters and now it's much more the players who want even harsher penalties than maybe ten years ago when their first concern was defending the players accused and making sure their rights weren't violated. >> what is really driving the dwrug taking in baseball? was it players, management or even the fans wanting to watch an incredible performance? >> i think it just comes down to performance and dollars. that these players now that it takes one or two good seasons putting up lots of numbers with home runs or lots of wins for pitchers and all of a sudden these players can be getting contracts. million
>> thank you for joining us. >> glad to be with you tonight. >> still to come on tonight's program you're looking at what will become the world's biggest underwater machine. but not everyone is so excited about this fete of engineering. we'll tell you why. >> chinese customers have received an apology from the head of new zealand's dairy giant after a health scare led to a major recall of some of its baby milk products. the company found that a bacteria was in some of its supplies. >> it's a decision chinese parents agonize over. what milk formula to buy for their babies. following safety scandals here many turned to foreign brands believing they were safer. but now new zealnd's biggest company has ordered a recall.
the chief executive flew in, in order to apologize. >> we regret this stress and anxiety this which issue could have caused. we totally understand that there is concern of parents and other consumers around the world. >> he has issued a recall in countries including australia, thailand, malaysia and vietnam. russia has banned some of the companies imports but china is its main market. it buys its vast majority of milk powder from new zealand. >> domestic brands are no good and now foreign brands are the same. i have no idea what to choose. >> six babies died in china in 2008 after drinking contaminated formula. since then, chinese parents are paid a premium for foreign baby milk. such as been the demand that some supermarkets in britain
introduced rationing to stop supplies being shipped to china. >> they said they'll have everything under control in the next 48 hours but winning back the trust will take a good deal onger than that. >> off the coast of norway a project to build the world's biggest underwater factory has begun. the massive structure is designed to pump billions of dollars worth of gas that would otherwise stay under the sea. heralded as a break through but scientists warn it is unclear how mankind can burn new supplies of fossil fuels ithout damaging the climate. >> the building on the norweigian fjord, the size of a football field the frame for
what's said to be the biggest underwater machine. this monster will be tows 125 miles out to sea and sent plunging to the bottom. it's being built to turn an exhaustive gas reserve into a richly productive reserve by pumping it harder than it's ever been pumped before. >> rerecord gas for more than 30 billion u.s. dollar which would have been left. if we hadn't developed the project. >> normally a platform above the sea would be used to pump gas from a field. putting the compressr closer to the source of the gas means they can get much more gas at a cheaper cost. they hope to put more facilities under the way. but there is a downside to this technology. it's part of an industry that governments agree is steadily changing the climate.
clearly it makes sense for the firm to squeeze as much gas as they can out of an existing field. but companies have bigger ambitions to find more coal, oil and gas all around the world even though mainstream scientists are warning that we can't burn the fossil fuels we've already found. if we want to protect the climate. >> we've discovered coal, oil and gas that will emit nearly 3,000 billion tons of the greenhouse gas co2, less than a third of this can be burned if we want to stick within the agreed danger limits for the climate. >> it's still a huge mindset, especially within the oil companies and the oil base that the only rational way forward is to continue to look for more to the last barrel. so our challenge is to not use the oil, gas and coal that has already been discovered. >> but there may be a get-out
thanks to experimental plants like this one further north in norway. it takes the exhaust gases from a power station and using chemicals it captures the co2 so it doesn't escape and warm the atmosphere. we need this technology to be widespread if we want to burn fossil fuels while also tackling climate change. but it is years behind schedule. >> you know that we have technology available today to emove 0% -- 90% of the co2. however the technology is too expensive and there is no economic drive to push technology and development. >> the firm says if governments want this technology they will have to force it to happen. meanwhile, the relentless hunt for fossil fuels continues. it took the world's biggest offshore crane to maneuver the structure into place. the firm will win billions if this monster of the deep
delivers its riches. the project is glamorous, high profile, exciting. worrying about climate change will have to wait. >> this news just in from the business world tonight. the "washington post" company has agreed to sell the paper to he founder of amazon.com for $250 million. the owner is buying it as an individual, meaning amazon will not be involved. in a statement he said he understands the post's critical role in washington and said its values won't change. for more, i'm joined in new york. this seems to have been a very well-kept secret. >> indeed. i don't think anyone expected that for one that he was going to purchase the "washington post." and two, also that the "washington post" was on the market to be sold. in fact, the sunday newspaper,
the "new york times," had a big spread over here with the ceo and publisher. basically talking about what it's like for someone like her to be inheritting the newspaper that was run by her mother and also by her grand moptsdzer. this is one of the old newspapers that is really family run. >> not any more. now she sold it. >> that's an interesting question. he's purchasing it as an individual and it has nothing to do with amazon. but he is a savvy businessman. he is very smart. although he has no experience in newspapers, he doesn't own a newspaper, according to the "washington post" they thought he was an attractive individual to purchase the paper because of his commitment to sort of some of the journalistic prackty tisses. but some people are also saying that he has internet smarts and this is a newspaper that has been struggling somewhat with the changes from print to digital. and he is someone that
definitely brings that kind of an expertise. >> we have also just seen the "new york times" sell off the boston globe. a lot of these papers are taking a massive write down on what people thought their value was. what does this tell us about the newspaper world? >> there is quite a bit of shift in the newspaper world. we're seeing these large families no longer owning the newspapers. basically we have the "new york times" that continues to be sort of a family-run nutches. that said, there are still some business people that are renewing their interest in newspapers. we see that warren buffet for example is purchasing small newspapers in the midwest and we see news corps for example that has split their operations from its entertainment business and newspaper business. so there are still people who are holding on to newspapers. so for them it's not completely a dying industry. but it's a signal that the industry needs to change and the waste "washington post" certainly has been struggling with that. >> what do you think someone
like he would see in the value of owning the "washington post"? >> he is one of the richest men in the world. so as you rightly pointed out he probably picked this up for a little of a bargain. but he's watching this storied newspaper, that brought down an american president, they have won dozens of awards, so there's certainly quite a lot of prestige. so if he is looking at that, he said at the moment he doesn't actually have a full plan for the newspaper as yet. he is going to sort of watch the operations and let the people who are involved in the paper right now sort of maintain control over that. but he will certainly have a plan. and i would expect that the plan would have a very strong digital aspiration. >> thanks very much indeed. from newspapers to new technology now. re in america imagine if the person manning a grill asked you if you wanted your meat
manufactured in a lab. the artificially grown burger using stem cells was served in london. they hope the technology could help feed people around the world. others are a bit wary. >> grown in a lab and now cooked in a pan. the world's first synthetic hamburger. but what does it taste like? >> it's close to meat. t's not that juicy but the texture is perfect. >> the burger started off in this dish as a few cells taken from a dead cow. they were then grown into these peal white circles of muscle. ood technologies added
ingredients. after the taste test, i had a chance to speak to the man who created the burger which cost $215,000 pounds to make. would a simplor solution not be for people to eat less meat? >> yes i agree. and i would favor that. but the hard fact globally is that meat consumption is going to increase. >> in the u.k., on average each person eats 80 kilo grams of meat a year. that's likely to remain the same over the coming years. but there's going to be rising demand internationally by a growing population and more people wanting to eat meat in countries such as china. currently, 258 million tons of meat a year is produced across the world to satisfy demand. in 2050 it is eestimated that it will need to be 450 million tons. >> the solutions don't lie with necessary producing more food
but changing the systems of supply and access and affordability so that not just more food but better food gets to the people who need it. >> even those behind the lab-grown project admit that their meat will never taste as good as the real thing. but they argue that as prices rise and environmental concerns and animal welfare concerns increase their way is the only ethical and pragmatic way forward. the researchers say it will be at least 10 years before they perfect their burger. and the first lab-grown meat is on sale. >> i think i would have to be persuaded to use one of those. now looking back at robertics history if you want to learn this one you can show up next month for the sale. built in 1957 it could lift and
carry items which could come in quite handy. that brings today's show to a close. you can find more at our website. thanks for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years. nd union bank. >> at union bank our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in. working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for
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